Muay Thai Strength & Conditioning Part 2

silva rampage 300x200 Muay Thai Strength & Conditioning Part 2

In the last article we talked about energy systems training and the role it plays during a fight. We also talked about periodization and the phases involved in preparing an effective conditioning program.


In this article you have laid out for you a basic strength training program. We will also talk about some of the common concerns and myths of fighters regarding resistance training.


 

Before we get to the program lets take a look at a couple of training myths.

 

1) RESISTANCE TRAINING WILL MAKE YOU STIFF AND INFLEXIBLE

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Do you think this guy has no flexibility?


 

Here is some research that shoots this myth to the ground.


Excerpt published by A.C.S.M

At the American College of Sports Medicine’s 57th Annual Meeting in Baltimore calls that into question. Researchers compared the two techniques’ effect on flexibility of the same muscle/joint complexes in a five-week intervention. Twenty-five college-age volunteers were randomly assigned to groups performing either resistance training or static stretching. A 12-person control group remained inactive. All were pre-tested on hamstring extension, hip flexion and extension, and shoulder extension flexibility, as well as peak torque of quadriceps and hamstring muscles. The resistance training and stretching programs focused on the same muscle-joint complexes over similar movements and ranges. Post-tests measured flexibility and strength. The results—which may surprise advocates of stretching to improve flexibility—showed no statistically significant advantage of stretching over resistance training. Resistance training, in fact, produced greater improvements in flexibility in some cases, while also improving strength.


“The results suggest that carefully constructed, full-range resistance training regimens can improve flexibility as well as—or perhaps better than—typical static stretching regimens,” said James R. Whitehead, Ed.D. FACSM, presenting author of the study.


All this means is if you follow a good, well structured, balance program and your good!


 

 

2) RESISTANCE TRAINING WILL MAKE YOU GAIN SIZE.

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This guy weighs 123lbs and just threw more then double his weight over head.


 

The idea that resistance training will only make you gain size is FALSE!


When lifting weights over 85 percent of 1 repetition max, the primary stress imposed upon the body is placed on the nervous system, not on the muscles. Therefore, strength will improve by a neurological effect while not increasing the size of the muscles.


 

NOTE:

The amount of weight you can move during a specific movement for a given number of reps is called "repetition max". In the example above we are using 85 percent of a weight the can be lifted only one time.

Heres a little research to back me up.

 

A study by Staron et al. (1990) showed that after a 20 week program of heavy resistance training, participants showed decreased body fat with an increase in muscle tissue, however, with their was no change in physical size.

 

So the muscle you build, gives tone and shape to your figure as well as stronger bones and will improve your body image and posture. Gaining significant size is a long and somewhat complex process and should be easy to control if you don't give your body a surplus of calories.

Follow a good program, don’t stuff your face and you’ll get strong as well as stay lean.


 

 

3) RESISTANCE TRAINING WILL NOT MAKE YOU SLOW

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These guys can squat hundreds of pounds and rip 100 meters in under 10 seconds.

Thats not slow!

 

Physics tells us that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Transferring this concept to Muay Thai simply means that the more force we can apply to the ground as we push in a kicking motion, the more force will be returned in the opposite direction in the form of energy to propel your shin towards your opponent.


Since our aim is to develop fast powerful movements. This requires a low number of repetitions (2-5) with 75-80% of 1RM. We’ll use this rep range to insure that move that weight as fast as possible with out breaking down our lifting technique. We can also develop speed and explosiveness by throwing objects such as light medicine balls even kettle bells and dumbbells. 


Again, its all neurological. Since we lift moderately heavy weight fast and (or) throw light weight as fast as possible you’ve now trained your brain to send the massages to the rest of your body to get things done fast. However, you cant loose sight of the need to develop technique. Technique king as far as the sport as well as the exercise. The strength and power we gained in the weight room will be useless you put time in on the bag, pads and sparing.


 

DISCLAIMER


This program is based on a 8 week training cycle, with two or three days a week of strength training. Some guys and gals who train for upcoming fights have full time jobs and other responsibilities, we also have to take in to account that time NEEDS to be spent working the bag, pads and sparing. You may have or may need more or less time to train for your fight, this is just an example template. Also some fighters may need to focus on strength more then power, speed and endurance or vise versa. Like i said this is just an outline, its not perfect because it isn't tailored to any specific person. So take it easy with the hate mail.




 

GUIDELINES

This program would be best split on monday and Thursday or Tuesday and Friday for 2 days a week. If you have an extra day to train you can do monday, Wednesday, friday or Tuesday, Thursday, saturday.


Always Remember USE WARM UP SETS. For your work sets, if a lower # of reps is prescribed you can use a heavier load.

STOP 1 rep before your rep speed begins to slow down and (or) your lifting technique starts to look crappy.

Challenge yourself DONT do 12 reps at a weight you could have done 25 reps with. Just increase the weight till you reach the appropriate rep range.


EXAMPLE- If your doing the dumbbell bench press and use two 40lb dumbbells and can bench press them for 13-14 reps and that 14th rep is slow you would use that same weight for the 12 reps prescribed for the 3 working sets.


All movements will be done in circuit format (back to back), 1a followed by 1b Then 1c. Once the last movement is completed you will rest for the allotted time then repeat till all sets are completed then move on to the next group of movements.


 

 

 

 

THE PROGRAM

WEEKS 1-2


GPP PHASE (GENERAL PHYSICAL PREPAREDNESS)

3 sets 8-12 reps.

Rest time for 60 seconds once the reps for each movement per group is completed then continue.

When all set are completed Rest 2 mins before moving to the next group of exercises


 

Workout 1


1a) Dumbbell Dead lift


1b) Dumbbell Bench press


1c) Plank (Hold for 30 Secs)


 

2a) Seated over hand Row


2b) Dumbbell Reverse Lunges


2c) Reverse Hypers


 

Finisher



Plate pushes

5 sets 25 yards each set (Use 2 45lb Plates)
 

 

 

Workout 2


1a) Zurcher Squat


1b) Chin up (palms facing each other)


1c) Hyperextensions


 

2a) Dumbbell Push Press


2b) Dumbbell Split Squat


2c) Anti rotational Cable or Band presses (with a 1-2 Second hold)


 

Finisher


Squat Thrust ladder

Do 8 reps then pause for 1 second then 7 reps Pause for 1 seconds Then 6 reps, continue this pattern till you reach 1 rep.

You will then go right back up, so you start at 2 reps then pause for 1 second then 3 reps then break for one second then 4 reps then break for one second till you reach 8 reps again.


 

 

WEEKS 3-5


Strength Phase

UPPER/LOWER BODY SPLITS

 

Workout 1

UPPER BODY


Rest no more then 90 seconds between each group of movements. Continue till all sets are completed per group. When all sets are completed Rest 2 mins before moving to the next group of exercises.


 

5 sets 4 reps


1a) Weighted chin ups (under hand grip)


1b) BarBell Bench press


 

3 sets 8 reps


2a) NO hold Dumbbell rows


2b) Floor presses (palm facing each other)


No rest. Do the prescribed reps for A, B and C then go back to A till all sets are completed.

 

4 sets 12 reps

3a) Ab wheel roll outs


3b) face pulls


3c) cuban press


 

Finish with some foam rolling and stretching


 

 

Workout 2

LOWER BODY

5 sets 4 reps


1) trap bar deadlift


 

3 set 8 reps


2a) dumbbell walking lunges


 

3 sets 8-10 reps


2b) dumbbell single leg deadlifts


 

No rest. Do the prescribed reps for A, B and C then go back to A till all sets are completed.

3 sets 8-10 reps


3a) pull throughs


3b) over head rope tri extensions


3c) Hammer curls


 

Finish with some foam rolling and stretching


 

 

WEEKS 6-7


POWER PHASE 


Rest no more then 90 seconds between each group of movements. Continue till all sets are completed per group. When all sets are completed Rest 2 mins before moving to the next group of exercises.

 

Workout 1


6 sets 2 reps


1a)box squat


 

6 sets 3 reps

1b) box jump/ jump squat


 

 

4 sets 3 reps


2a) double dumbbell hang clean+push press


 

4 sets 3 reps


2b) med ball chest pass


 

 

4 sets 25-50 yards ( rest up to 3 mins each set)


3a) heavy sled drags


3b) sprints


 

 

Workout 2


6 set 2 reps


1a)barbell deadlift


 

4 sets 3 reps (each leg)


1b)sprinter leaps


 

 

4 sets 5 reps


2a) sledge hammer swings


 

4 sets 3 reps


2b) explosive hand switch inverted rows


 

Finisher

5 sets 30 second break after both exercises are completed.


3a) battling ropes 30 seconds


3b) kettlebell swings


 

 

Week 8


 

DONE

You have a week before the fight from strength training. In this week you’ll also be tapering down with the work that your doing with your Muay Thai coach. This time is generally used to iron out some of the kinks your coach may see as well as go over the game plan. It involves very light sparing and pad work. The sessions are shorter then normal and used just to keep the blood flowing as well as keep you sharp.


 

 

Week 9


 

FIGHT!!!


 

 

Conclusion

Understand this program will not make you a better fighter. Resistance training will not help your technique, just compliment it. Put you time in training, live your craft and in the end you’ll come out with your hand raised!!!


 

Keep Moving,

 

Dan Salazar

Krank BK

Fatloss, Strength and Conditioning

2 Prince St 5FL

Brooklyn, NY 11201

347-541-3181

 

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